Child abuse is

any recent act or failure to act which results in serious physical or emotional harm.

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Major types of child abuse

Physical abuse

PHYSICAL ABUSE is nonaccidental physical injury as a result of punching, beating, kicking, biting, shaking, throwing, stabbing, choking, hitting, burning, or otherwise harming a child, that is inflicted by a parent, caregiver, or other person who has responsibility for the child.


ABANDONMENT: child is considered to be abandoned when the parent’s identity or whereabouts are unknown, the child has been left alone in circumstances where the child suffers serious harm, or the parent has failed to maintain contact with the child or provide reasonable support for a specified period of time.


NEGLECT is the failure of a parent or other person with responsibility for the child to provide needed food, clothing, shelter, medical care, or supervision to the degree that the child's health, safety, and well-being are threatened with harm. Neglect is also a lack of attention from the people surrounding a child, and the non-provision of the relevant and adequate necessities for the child's survival, which would be a lacking in attention, love, and nurture.

Emotional abuse

EMOTIONAL ABUSE (or psychological abuse) is a pattern of behavior that impairs a child’s emotional development or sense of selfworth. This may include constant criticism, threats, or rejection, as well as withholding love, support, or guidance.

Sexual abuse

SEXUAL ABUSE includes activities by a parent or caregiver such as fondling a child’s genitals, penetration, incest, rape, sodomy, indecent exposure, and exploitation through prostitution or the production of pornographic materials.

Substance abuse

SUBSTANCE ABUSE: prenatal exposure of a child to harm due to the mother’s use of an illegal drug or other substance; manufacture of methamphetamine in the presence of a child; selling, distributing, or giving illegal drugs or alcohol to a child; use of a controlled substance by a caregiver that impairs the caregiver’s ability to adequately care for the child.



Exposure to maltreatment or violence can disrupt the course of physical, emotional, and intellectual development in children and adolescents. Risks associated with maltreatment include alterations in a child and adolescent’s physical health, impaired psychosocial functioning, mental health conditions, and changes in brain architecture. Preventing child abuse and neglect improves the health and quality of life of children and adolescents.


Physical Health

Maltreatment in childhood nearly doubles the danger of overall poor health including increased risks of:

  • Asthma
  • Traumatic Brain Diseases
  • Sexually-Transmitted Diseases
  • Unplanned Pregnancies
  • Dating Violence
  • Bruises
  • Burns
  • Broken Bones
  • Obesity

Delinquency (Impaired Psychosocial Functioning)

Children and adolescents who experience maltreatment may have impaired psychosocial functions including:

  • More Aggressive Behavior
  • Truancy
  • Running Away
  • Fighting
  • Carrying Weapons
  • Threatening Other with or using a Weapon
  • Violence
  • Drinking Alcohol
  • Binge Drinking
  • Smoking
  • Substance Abuse
  • Sexualized Behaviors at a Younger Age
  • Risky Sexual Behavior

Mental Health

Trauma exposure has potentially severe consequences for mental health of children adolescents across the development continuum including:

  • Attachment and Behavior Disorders
  • Antisocial Behavior
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Suicidal Ideation
  • Self-Injurious Behavior

Changes in Brain Architecture

Maltreatment in childhood may cause changes in physical structures within the brain which can result in the following:

  • Sensory and Motor Skill Deficiencies
  • Poor Academic Performance
  • Impairment in Cognitive Processing and Language Acquisition
  • Reduced Physical Health
  • Mental Health Issues and Maladaptive Behaviors

Prepared according to the materials of National Children’s Advocacy Center


The lasting adverse effects of child maltreatment on adult health issues are clear. Adults who were abused or neglected as children are at a greater risk for variety of adverse physical and mental health conditions when compared with adults who were not maltreated as children. Preventing child abuse and neglect not only protects children, it creates healthier adults.

Individuals who experienced childhood abuse and neglect have an increase risk for a variety of physical ailments, including:

  • Autoimmune Disorders
  • Arthritis
  • Lung Disease
  • Hypertension
  • Gl Disorders
  • Peptic Ulsers
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Liver Disease
  • Chronic Pain
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Liver Disease
  • Chronic Pain

Adults who experienced child abuse and neglect may also experience negative mental health conditions well ino adulthood, including:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • PTSD
  • Suicide Attempts
  • Sleep Disorders
  • Panic Disorders
  • Phobias

Adults, who were maltreated as children are more likely to engage in behaviors that put them at further risk for negative physical and mental health outcomes, including:

  • Alcohol Related Problems
  • Drug Use
  • Eating Disorders
  • Poor Pre- and Post-Natal Care
  • Anti-Social Behaviors
  • Sexual Risk Behaviors
  • Daily Cigarette Smoking
  • Self-Mutilation

Individuals who experienced maltreatment during childhood utilize more medical and mental health services, including more emergency room visits resulting in higher healthcare costs.

Women with a history of child sexual abuse are much more likely to be revictimized sexually and physically as adults.

Prepared according to the materials of National Children’s Advocacy Center


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About Supratingumas

VšĮ “Supratingumas” was established in June 25, 2013 with the main aim to develop and strengthen Protection, Education, and Healthcare of Children.

 Despite it’s a young establishment it possesses 15-years long experience of its founder, well-known worldwide expert in area of Prevention and Response to Child Abuse Mr. Andrey Makhanko, recognized with ISPCAN Multidisciplinary Team Award (2014) among other international recognitions, as well as own experience gained in the action aimed to adapt European technologies to conditions of EU Eastern neighborhood and to promote Lithuanian Child Protection experience and brands on these markets.

 The main activities of VšĮ “Supratingumas” are connected with development of knowledge and technologies of support children-survivors of abuse, as well as with accumulation of assets for development of Child Protection system.

 When carrying out these activities we do the following:

- invest in the sectors of science, education, culture, health care, social support and child rights protection;

- design, construct and operate scientific projects related to education, culture, health care, social support and children’s rights protection in the Republic of Lithuania, European Union and outside boundaries;

- provide organizational and consultation services and support;

- provide social sponsorship and charity to children;

- make and develop the scientific and cultural contacts with Lithuanian and foreign scientific and educational organizations.


+374 (654) 72-692
Konstitucijos pr. 7
LT-09308 Vilnius

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